Đề cương ôn tập Tiếng Anh 9 năm học 2009 - 2010

c. Cách dùng : Diễn tả một hành động:- thường xuyên xảy ra- hành động lặp đi lặp lại

 Các trạng từ thường xuyên đi với thì hiên tại đơn (Adv)

 never,often, usually, frequently, always, sometimes, every (day/week/night/month )

Trạng từ chỉ sự thường xuyên luôn đi trước động từ thường, nhưng đi sau động từ TO BE và các trợ động từ

* eg: He always watches TV every night.

 They often watch TV

 She does usually not watch TV

 Do you often watch TV?

* eg: Nam is often late for class.

- Một sự thật hiển nhiên.


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I hadn’t failed my exam last year.
( I failed my exam )
 - She wishes she had had enough money to buy the house.
 ( she didn’t have enough money to buy it )
 - If only I had met her yesterday.
( I didn’t meet her )
 - She wishes she could have been there.
( she couldn’t be there)
Bài tập :
 A. Chia động từ trong ngoặc.
She wishes her father ( be)_______________ here now to help her
I wish they ( visit) _______________us when they were in town.
I wish someone ( give) _______________ me a job next month.
If only I ( can take) _______________the trip to Hanoi with her next summer.
I wish they ( know) _______________the truth yesterday.
I wish I (see) _______________ that film on TV again.
We wish she (be) _______________ our teacher of English.
My brother wishes he (not waste) _______________ time when he was young.
They wish they (come) _______________ to class on time yesterday morning.
 10. I wish I ( spend) _______________my last summer vacation in the mountains.
11.I wish she (come) _______________ to see me yesterday.
12.If only I ( have) _______________more time to do this job.
13.He missed an exciting football match on TV last night. He wishes he (watch) ____________ it.
14.I wish you ( not give ) _______________them my phone number yesterday.
15.We wish we ( understand) _______________all the teacher’s explanation yesterday.
B. Viết lại những câu sau sao cho nghĩa của câu không thay đổi.
What a pity the weather isn’t nice._________________________________________
Your cousin doesn’t tell you the truth. _________________________________________
I’m sorry you don’t study hard. _________________________________________
I can’t lend you any money. _________________________________________
What a pity he doesn’t invite us to the party. ____________________________________
I’m sorry I can’t easily give the answer. _________________________________________
Tom isn’t here now. _________________________________________
We don’t buy that house. _________________________________________
They never visit us. _________________________________________
10. She is often late for school. _________________________________________
1. were 2. visited 3. would give
4. could take 5.had known 6. would see
7.were 8. had not wasted 9. had come
10. had spent 11. had come 12. had
13. had watched 14. had not given 15. had understood
1.I wish the weather were nice.
2. I wish your cousin told you the truth.
3.I wish you studied hard.
4. I wish I could lend you some money.
5. I wish he invited us to the party.
6. I wish I could easily give the answer.
7. I wish Tom were here now.
8. I wish we bought that house.
9. I wish they visited us.
10. I wish she weren’t often late for school.
Lý thuyết.
Quan sát: 
Câu chủ động: Mr Smith teaches English. (Active)
Câu bị động: English is taught by Mr Smith. (Passive)
Qui tắc:
Tân ngữ chủ động " chủ ngữ bị động
Động từ bị động Be + Past Participle (pp)
Chủ ngữ chủ động " tân ngữ bị động ( trước có giới từ by chỉ tác nhân)
*Note: by them/ by people/ by someone . Bỏ 
Sơ đồ: S V O (Active)
 S be + V-ed (pp) by + O (Passive)
Bảng tóm tắt công thức các thì trong câu bị động.
Am, is, are + V- ed (pp)
Was, were + V- ed (pp)
Am,is, are + being + V- ed (pp)
Was, were + being + V- ed (pp)
Have, has + been + V- ed (pp)
Had + been + V- ed (pp)
Have to, used to, + be + V- ed (pp)
Cách đổi: 	Bước 1: Lấy Tân ngữ (O) câu chủ động xuống làm Chủ từ (S)câu bị động.
	Bước 2: a/ Lưu ý Động từ câu chủ động ở thì nào To Be ở ngay thì đó.
	 b/ Động từ chính đổi sang dạng PP (QK phân từ)
	Bước 3: Lấy Chủ từ (S)câu chủ động xuống làm Tân ngữ (O)câu bị động đặt sau By chỉ tác nhân.
*eg: 1. I learn English everyday.
=> English is learnt by me everyday. (Passive)
2.My mother wrote that letter.
=> That letter was written by my mother. (Passive)
3.He is asking me a lot of questions.
=> I am being asked a lot of questions. (Passive)
4.She was doing her homework at that time. 
=> Her homework was being done at that time. (Passive)
5.My mother has made that cake.
=> That cake has been made by my mother. (Passive)
6. They had prepared a dinner before we came.
=> A dinner had been prepared before we came. (Passive)
7. My friend can answer this question.
=> This question can be answered by my friend. (Passive)
B Bài tập.
Chuyển những câu sau sang câu bị động
They can’t make tea with cold water.
The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant.
Somebody has taken some of my books away.
They will hold the meeting before May Day.
They have to repair the engine of the car.
The boys broke the window and took away some pictures.
People spend a lot of money on advertising everyday.
They may use this room for the classroom.
The teacher is going to tell a story.
Mary is cutting the cake with a sharp knife.
The children looked at the women with a red hat.
They have provided the victims with food and clothing.
The teacher explains the lesson.
Mrs Green is cooking the food in the kitchen.
The doctor examined the patients.
These boys made that noise 
People speak English all over the world.
He gave him back the money last Sunday.
I can’t do these exercises quickly.
She had finished the report by noon.
Should they help Jane with the sewing ?
The mechanic is repairing Judy’s car.
We must do something before it’s too late.
They make these artificial flowers of silk.
Did they LuLu feed last night? 
Nick will bring the pizzas to our house.
They used to drink beer for breakfast in England years ago.
They were cleaning the floor when I arrived.
Has anyone ever asked you for your opinion ?
Where will your company send you next year ?
1.Tea can’t be made with cold water.
2. All the workers of the plant were being instructed by the chief.
3. Some of my books have been taken away.
4. The meeting will be held before May Day.
5. The engine of the car has to be repaired.
6. The window was broken and some pictures were taken away by the boy.
7. A lot of money is spent on advertising everyday.
8. This room may be used for the classroom.
9. A story is going to be told by the teacher.
10. The cake is being cut with a sharp knife by Mary.
11. The woman with a red hat was looked at by the children.
12. The victims have been provided with food and clothing.
13. The lesson is explained by the teacher.
14.The food is being cooked in the kitchen by Mrs Green.
15.The patients were examined by the doctor.
16.That noise was made by these boys.
17. English is spoken all over the world.
18. He was given the money back last Sunday.
19. These exercises can’t be done quickly.
20.The report had been finished by noon.
21.Should Jane be helped with the sewing?
22. Judy’s car is being repaired by the mechanic.
23.Something must be done before it’s too late.
24. These artificial flowers are made of silk.
25. Was LuLu fed last night ?
26. The pizzas will be brought to our house by Nick.
27.Beer used to be drunk for breakfast in England years ago.
28.The floor was being cleaned when I arrived.
29. Have you ever been asked for your opinion ?
30. Where will you be sent next year .
Lý thuyết. - Lời nói gián tiếp là tường thuật lại ý của người nào đó nói.
Cách đổi câu trực tiếp sang câu gián tiếp:
Thay đổi thì của động từ.
Trực tiếp (Direct speech)
Gián tiếp (Reported speech)
HTĐ ( is/are/ am)
QKĐ (was/were)
HTTD ( is/are/am + V- ing)
QKTD(was/were + V- ing)
TLĐ ( Will )
TL trong QK ( Would )
Could / be able to
Had to / would have to
Have to
Had to
Thay đổi chủ ngữ, tân ngữ, đại từ sở hữu.
Ngôi thứ nhất: (I,we, me, mine,us,our) được đổi sang ngôi thứ ba ( He, She, It,They, him/ her, his/ hers, its, their, them) phù hợp.
*eg: Jane said,” I live in the suburbs”
 " Jane said that she lived in the suburbs.
- Ngôi thứ hai ( You, your, yours ) được đổi theo ngôi của tân ngữ trong mệnh đề tường thuật.
*eg: He said to me,” You can take my book”
	" He said me that I could take his book.
Ngôi thứ ba ( He, She, It, They, him, his, her ,them ,their) giữ nguyên( không đổi).
*eg: Mary says,” They come to help the pupils.”
 " Mary said that they came to help the pupils. 
3.Trạng từ chỉ thời gian .
Trực tiếp (Direct speech)
Gián tiếp (Reported speech)
that day
that day
the next day/ following day
the day before
last week/month/year
the previous week/month/year
next week/month/year
the following week/month/year
*eg: - “I’m going now”. He said
 " He said he was going then.
 - She said “ I was at Hue yesterday”.
 " She said that she had been at Hue the day before.
Trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn.
Trực tiếp (Direct speech)
Gián tiếp (Reported speech)
*eg:- He said,”Put the books here”
 " He told me to put the books there.
 - Tom said to me,” I’ll meet you this Friday”
 " He told me that he would meet me that Friday.
III. Câu mệnh lệnh gián tiếp
Trong lời nói gián tiếp loại câu này được bắt đầu bằng động từ: asked, told, ordered
Eg: -“ Hurry up, Lan”
" He told Lan to hurry up.
- “ Shut the door”
" He ordered them to shut the door.
- “ Don’t leave the room”.
" He told them not to leave the room.
 * Công thức: TT:“V + O” => GT: S + told/ordered/asked + to-inf + O
 TT“Don’t/ doesn’t + V + O” =>GT: S + asked/told + not + to-inf + O
III. Câu nghi vấn
Yes/ No – questions
Trong lời nói gián tiếp loại câu hỏi này được mở đầu bằng các động từ “ ask, wonder ” và theo sau có “if/ whether”.
*eg: - “ Have you seen that film?” he told her
 " He asked if she had seen that film.
 - “ Will Tom be here tomorrow?.” She told
 " She wondered whether Tom would be there the day after.
* Công thức: TT: S + tell / told + “ Do/does/was/will/are/is.. + S + V + O ?”
 GT => S + asked/wondered + (O) + If/ whether + S + V(lùi 1 bậc về QK) + O.
2. Wh – questions ( who,what, where, why, when,how much/ many/ long” trong câu gián tiếp loại câu này được mở đầu bằng các động từ “ ask, require, wonder,..”
* eg: - “ What time does the film begin?.” He asked
 " He asked what time the film began.
 - “ What will you do tomorrow?” She asked
 " She asked what I would do the next day.
* Công thức: TT: S + tell/ told + “ wh- qs + ( do/was/will).. . + S + V + O ?”
 GT :S + asked/wondered + (O) + wh – qs + S + V(lùi 1 bậc về QK) + O.
B.Bài tập.
Chuyển những câu sau sang câu gián tiếp.
He said to her, “You are my friend.”
Johnny said to his mother, “I don’t know how to do this exercise.”
“ Don’t come back before one o’clock”, advised my brother.
“Cook it in butter”, Mrs Brown said to her daughter.
The pupils said “ Teacher, give us better marks, please.”
My friend said, “ Are you going to leave tomorrow?”
“ Have you done your homework?”, said my mother.
I asked Bill,” What time did you go to bed last night?”
Paul said, “ I must go home now.”
“ There is an accident .”, said the policeman.
“ We are waiting for the school bus”, said the children.
“ Must you go now?”, said Mr Brown.
“ Are you going to visit your aunt tomorrow?” asked Tom.
“ Listen to me and don’t make a noise,”said the teacher to his students.
“ I’m tired of eating fish”, said Mary to Helen.
“ The sun always rises in the east,” said Peter.
“ I didn’t steal your fur coat yesterday,” said Samny to Jean.
“ You must do your homework everyday”, said Miss Lan to us.
“ Will we read the story?”, Bill asked his teacher.
“ I don’t know where Alice is,” said Vicky.
“ There isn’t much rain in the south of the country,” said Harry.
“ Would you mind turning the music down?”Andrew said to Anne.
“ How much do you think it will cost?” He asked.
“ Can you speak more slowly? I can’t understand,” He said to me.
“ Have you already reviewed all your lessons?” she said to me.
“ Come in and look around. There’s no obligation to buy,” said the shopkeeper.
“ I’m sorry I’m late,” she said.” The bus broken down”
Mary asked me “ Can you tell me why you are so sad?”
“ Will you please find out when he last wrote to me?” Jane said to her friend.
“ You must decide what you want to do”, she said to her daughter.
 1. He said to her she was his friend.
2. Johnny said to his mother he didn’t know how to do that exercise.
My brother advised me not to come back before one o’clock.
Mrs Brown told her daughter to cook it in butter.
The pupils asked their teacher to give them better marks.
My friend asked me if I was going to leave the day after.
My mother asked me if I had done my homework.
I asked Bill what time he had gone to bed the night before.
Paul said that he had to go help me then
10.The policeman said that there was an accident.
11.The children said that they were waiting for the school bus.
12. Mr Brown asked me if I had to go then.
13. Tom asked if I was going to visit my aunt the next day.
14. The teacher asked his students to listen to him and not to make any noise.
15.Mary said Helen she was tired of eating fish. 
16.Peter said the sun always rises/rose in the east.
17.Sammy told Jean that he didn’t steal/hadn’t stolen her coat the day before.
18. Miss Lan told us that we must/ had to do our homework every day./ Miss Lan asked us to do our homework every day.
19. Billy asked his teacher if they would read the story.
20. Vicky said she didn’t know where Alice was.
21. Andrew asked Anne to turn the music down.
22. He asked how much I thought it would cost.
23. He asked me to speak more slowly because he couldn’t understand.
24.She asked me if I had already reviewed all my lessons.
25. The shopkeeper invited us to come in and look round and told us that there was no obligation to buy.
26.She apologized for being late and explained that the bus had broken down.
27. Jane advised me to take the course.
28.Mary asked me if I could tell her why I was so sad.
29.Jane asked me to find out when he last wrote to her.
30.She urged her daughter to decide what she wanted to do.
A.Lý thuyết.I. Relative pronouns
Chức năng
Chỉ người
Chỉ vật
Chủ ngữ
Tân ngữ
Sở hữu
Of which/whose
Eg: 1. I saw the woman. She wrote the book.
 " I saw the woman who wrote the book.
I know the man. You want to meet him.
 " I know the man whom you want to meet.
 3.The pencil is mine. The pencil is on the desk.
 " The pencil which is on the desk is mine.
 4. The dress is beautiful. She is wearing that dress.
 " The dress which she is wearing is beautiful.
 5. The girl is my sister. You took the girl’s picture.
 " The girl whose picture you took is my sister.
 6. He showed me his car. The engine of the car is good.
 " He showed me his car, the engine of which is good.
* “That” có thể được dùng thay cho Who, Whom, Which trong trường hợp không theo sau dấu phẩy và giới từ.
II. Relative adverbs. When " time Where " place
* Eg: 1. Monday is the day. We will come then.
 " Monday is the day when we will come.
 2. I never forget the village. I was born there.
 " I never forget the village where I was born.
B. Bài tập.
 Kết hợp những câu sau dùng đại từ quan hệ.
1. Alice is my friend. Alice’s mother died last year.
2.The boy will be punished. He threw that stone.
3. Ann is very friendly. She lives next door.
4.The man is a famous actor. You met him at the party last night.
5.There are some words. They are very difficult to translate.
6.I was looking for a book this morning. I’ve found it now.
7.Is that the car? You want to buy it.
8.Sandra works in advertising. You were talking to her.
9.The little girl ate sweets the whole way. She sat next to me on the coach.
10.Lan is a journalist. Her tape recorder was stolen.
11.I don’t know the name of the woman. I spoke to her on the phone.
12. We often go to visit our friends in Bristol. It’s only 30 miles away.
13. This is Mr Carter. I was telling you about him.
14. That is the room. The meeting is held in that room.
15. I’ll always remember the day. I first saw that sight on that day.
16.She was born in Malaysia. Rubber trees grow well there.
17.No one knows the school. My uncle taught at that school 10 years ago.
18. Please ask them the time. The train stared the trip at that time.
19. New Year’s Day is a day. All family members gather and enjoy a family dinner then.
20. There are many hotels. Tourists can enjoy their holidays there.
21.India is a country.The earthquake occured in this country last month.
22. Bac giang is a city. I was born and grew up there.
23. We have not decided the day. We’ll go to London on that day.
24. The man made me sad the most. I love him with all my heart.
25.The thief was caught. This was a really good news.
26. The gentleman was very young. He was introduced as the most successful businessman.
27. His book became the best seller.It was punished last year.
28. Neil Armstrong lived in the USA. He walked on the moon.
29. Nam is very intelligent. He learns in our class.
30. Ha Long has grown into a big city over the past few years. I visited the city last year.
1.Alice, whose mother died last year, is my friend.
2.The boy who threw that stone will punished.
3. Ann, who lives next door, is very friendly.
4.The man who/ that you met at the party last night is a famous actor.
5.There are some words that/ which are very difficult to translate.
6.I’ve found the book that/which I was looking for this morning.
7.Is that the car that/ which you want to buy?
8.Sandra, who you were talking to, works inadvertising.
9.The little girl who/ that sat next to me on the coach ate sweets the whole way.
10.Lan, whose tape recorder was stolen, is a journalist.
11. I don’t know the name of the woman who/ that I spoke to on the phone.
12. We often go to visit our friends in Bristol, which is only 30 miles away.
13. This is Mr Carter, who I was telling you about.
14. That is the room where the meeting is held.
15. I’ll always remember the day when I first saw that sight.
16. She was born in Malaysia, where rubber trees grow well.
17.No one knows the school where my uncle taught 10 years ago.
18. Please ask them the time when the train stared the trip.
19. New Year’s Day is the day when all family members gather and enjoy a family dinner.
20. There are many hotels where tourists can enjoy their holidays.
21.India is the country where we the earthquake occured last month.
22. Bac Giang is the city where I was born and grew up.
23. We have not decided the day when we’ll go to London.
24.The man whom I love with all my heart made me sad the most.
25. The thief was caught, that was a really good news.
26. The gentleman who was introduced as the most successful businessman was very young.
27. His book, which was punished last year, became the best seller.
28. Neil Armstrong, who walked on the moon, lived in the USA.
30. Ha Long, which I visited last week, has grown into a big over the past few years.
Lý thuyết.
I.To – infinitive.
Sử dụng trong các trường hợp sau:
sau các động từ: want, intend, decide, expect, hope, mean, offer, promise, refuse, wish,....
sau các tính từ: glad, happy, ready, kind, ....
sau các phó từ: enough, too,
trong cấu trúc: - It + take + O +(time) + to-inf
 - S + V + O +(not) + to-inf 
 ( V: ask, get, tell, want, advise, request,...)
 * Eg: I want to buy a new house.
 I’m glad to pass the exam.
 II.Bare infinitive.
Sử dụng trong các trường hợp sau:
 - sau Model Verbs như: can, may, must, will, shall, would, should, would rather , had better,....
 - trong cấu trúc với V là : make, let, have 
 - trong cấu trúc với V là động từ tri giác: see, hear, notice, feel,.
*Eg: I can speak English very well.
 I hear him come in.
 III .Verb- ing.
Sử dụng trong các trường hợp sau:
sau một số động từ như: avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish,keep, mind, practise, stop....
sau các Phrasal verbs: to be used to, to get accustomed, to look forward to, to have a good time/difficulty, to be busy, to be worth,...
trong cấu trúc với V là động từ tri giác biểu đạt hành động đang tiếp diễn 
trong cêu tróc : would you mind 
sau các giới từ như: about, of, with, without,...
 *Eg: I enjoy fishing.
 Alice is fond of dancing.
 IV.Past participle. V- ed( PP)
Được dùng trong các trường hợp sau:
trong thì hiện tại hoàn thành: have + V- ed(pp)
trong câu bị động: be + V- ed(pp)
 *Eg: She has lived in this town for 6 years.
B. Bài tập.
Chia động từ trong ngoặc:
1.Tourists could see fish ( swim) along the brook.
2.We enjoy (swim) along this river.
3.The form teacher has asked Jack (write) an essay on the Thames.
4.It sometimes may be difficult (get) a taxi during rush- hours.
5.The rain has made the children ( stop) their games.
6.She tells the driver( take) her to the railway station.
7.Does Mrs Green have them ( carry) those books back home?
8.The principal noticed those pupils (try) harder and harder.
9.Children have just stopped ( play) football.
10.They keep ( talk) about an old friend they met yesterday.
11.Is Black Pool ( visit) by thousands of tourists each year?
12.We heard Mr Brown ( park) his car near the gate.
13. They’ve finished ( do) their homework.
14.They had their house (paint) before Tet holiday.
15.I advised him ( wait) for me at the airport.
16. Would you mind ( help) me with this work?
17.Do you smell something ( burn) in the kitchen?
18. Mother requests her daughter not ( come) back home late.
19. We shall have the grass ( cut) tomorrow.
20.They noticed lots of sheep( graze) in green meadows.
21.When I’m tired, I enjoy( watch) TV.It’s relaxing.
22. Would you like(have) something to eat?
23.It started( rain) an hour ago. Has 

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